Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection is the official publication of the Taiwan Society of Microbiology, the Chinese Society of Microbiology, the Infectious Diseases Society of Taiwan, and the Taiwan Society of Parasitology. The Journal publishes papers relating to clinical or laboratory investigations of relevance to microbiology, immunology, infectious diseases and parasitology. Original articles relating to these fields are welcomed. Review articles, case reports, brief communications and research notes are also considered.
All materials are assumed to be submitted exclusively unless otherwise stated, and must not have been published previously except in abstract form. Manuscripts will be subjected to prompt peer review and the editors reserve the right to edit papers in preparation for publication in the Journal.
The Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection accepts online submission via our officially website.
This system can be accessed at http://www.ejmii.com/ms.php.
The site will guide authors stepwise through the submission process.
If assistance is needed, the Editorial Office can be contacted for any help necessary.
Editorial Office Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital. No. 7, Zhongshan S. Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City 100, Taiwan (R.O.C.) Tel: +886-2-23123456 ext 65396 Fax: 1886-2-23955072 E-mail: email@example.com
Please ensure that the following documents are included (refer also to the checklist that follows these author instructions):
(1) A cover letter. It must include your name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address (both of the first author and corresponding author), and state that all authors have contributed to the paper and have never submitted the manuscript, in whole or in part, to other journals. Your signature and those of ALL your coauthors must be included.
(2) A conflict of interest disclosure statement (see relevant section below).
(3) A copyright transfer statement. You may use the form that follows these author instructions.
(4) Articles covering the use of human samples in research and human experiments must be accompanied by a letter of
approval from the relevant review committee (see relevant section below).
(5) Articles covering the use of animals in experiments must be accompanied by a letter of approval from the relevant authorities.
(6) Articles where human subjects can be identified in descriptions, photographs or pedigrees must be accompanied by a signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) the descriptions, photographs and pedigrees from each subject who can be identified (see relevant section below).
(7) Where material has been reproduced from other copyrighted sources, the letter(s) of permission from the copyright
All authors are required to sign and submit the following financial disclosure statement at the time of manuscript submission:
I certify that all my affiliations with or financial involvement in, within the past 5 years and foreseeable future, any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript are completely disclosed (e.g. employment, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, grants or patents received or pending, royalties).
Authors who have no relevant financial interests should provide a statement indicating that they have no financial interests related to the material in the manuscript.
For human or animal experimental investigations, appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approval is required, and such approval should be stated in the methods section of the manuscript. For those investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed (World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects.Available at: http://www.wma.net/e/policy/pdf/17c.pdf).
For investigation of human subjects, state explicitly in the methods section of the manuscript that informed consent was obtained from all participating adult subjects and from parents or legal guardians for minors or incapacitated adults, together with the manner in which informed consent was obtained (ex. oral or written).
A signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) patient descriptions, photographs and pedigrees should be obtained from all subjects (parents or legal guardians for minors) who can be identified (including by the subjects themselves) in such written descriptions, photographs or pedigrees. Such persons should be shown the manuscript before its submission. Omitting data or making data less
specific to de-identify patients is acceptable, but changing any such data is not acceptable.
Submitted manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print or electronic format (except in abstract or poster form) and are not under consideration intotality or in part by another publication or electronic medium.
Articles should be written in English (using American English spelling) and meet the following basic criteria: the material is original, the information is important, the writing is clear and concise, the study methods are appropriate, the data are valid,and the conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data.
These should aim to provide the reader with a balanced overview of an important and topical subject in the field, and should be systematic and critical assessments of literature and data sources. They should cover aspects of a topic in which scientific consensus exists as well as aspects that remain controversial and are the subject of ongoing scientific research.
All articles and data sources reviewed should include information about the specific type of study or analysis, population, intervention, exposure, and tests or outcomes. All articles or data sources should be selected systematically for inclusion in the review and critically evaluated. The text should not exceed 3500 words with no more than 100 references. By invitation only, the format for review articles will be jointly decided by the Editors and the contributing author.
These articles typically include randomized trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, laboratory and animal studies, cohort studies, cost-effectiveness analyses, case-control studies, and surveys with high response rates, which represent new and significant contributions to the field.
Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if applicable) and References.
The Introduction should provide a brief background to the subject of the paper, explain the importance of the study, and state a precise study question or purpose.
The Methods section should describe the study design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients/participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, or data sources and how these were selected for the study, patient samples or animal specimens used, explain the laboratory methods followed), and state the statistical procedures employed in the research.
The Results section should comprise the study results presented in a logical sequence, supplemented by tables and/or figures. Take care that the text does not repeat data that are presented in tables and/or figures. Only emphasize and summarize the essential features of any interventions, the main outcome measures, and the main results.
The Discussion section should be used to emphasize the new and important aspects of the study, placing the results in context with published literature, the implications of the findings, and the conclusions that follow from the study results.
The text should not exceed 3000 words with no more than 40 references.
These are short discussions of a case or case series with unique features not previously described that make an important teaching point or scientific observation. They may describe novel techniques, novel use of equipment, or new information on diseases of importance. Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if applicable) and References.
Instructions to Authors
The Introduction should describe the purpose of the present report, the significance of the disease and its specificity,and briefly review the relevant literature.
The Case Report should include the general data of the case, medical history, family history, chief complaint, present illness, clinical manifestation, methods of diagnosis and treatment, and outcome.
The Discussion should compare, analyze and discuss the similarities and differences between the reported case and similar cases reported in other published articles. The importance or specificity of the case should be restated when discussing the differential diagnoses. Suggest the prognosis of the disease and possibility of prevention.
The text should not exceed 2000 words with no more than 10 references.
These reports should be concise presentations of clinical or preliminary experimental results. The abstract should not exceed 150 words. The text should not exceed 1200 words, with no more than four figures or tables and no more than 10 references. The editors reserve the right to decide what constitutes a Short Communication.
Letters to the Editor Letters are welcome in response to previously published articles, and may also include interesting cases that do not meet the requirement of being truly exceptional, and other communications of general interest. Letters should have a title and include appropriate references (no more than 5 references), and include the author’s mailing and e-mail addresses. Letters are edited, sometimes extensively, to sharpen their focus. They may be sent for peer review, at the discretion of the Editors. Letters are selected based on clarity, significance, and space. The text should not exceed 500 words.
Text should be typed double-spaced on one side of white A4 (297 3 210 mm) paper, with outer margins of 2.5 cm. A manuscript should include a title page, abstract, text, references, acknowledgments, and figures and tables as appropriate. Each section of the manuscript should begin on a new page. Pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page.
The title page should contain the following information (in order, from the top to bottom of the page):
*The name of each author should be written with the family name last, e.g. Jing-Long Huang. Authorship is restricted only to direct participants who have contributed significantly to the work.
Abstracts should be no more than 250 words in length.Abstracts for Original Articles should be structured, with the section headings: Background/Purpose(s), Methods, Results, Conclusion. Abstracts for Case Reports are unstructured, but should include the significance and purpose of the case presentation, the diagnostic methods of the case, the key data, and brief comments and suggestions with regard to the case.
For all article categories, 3–5 relevant key words should also be provided in alphabetical order.
The text for Original Articles should be organized in sections as follows: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Sections for Case Reports are: Introduction, Case Report, and Discussion. Each section should begin on a new page.
Where a term/definition will be continually referred to, it must be written in full when it first appears in the text, followed by the subsequent abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter, the abbreviation may be used. Restrict the number of abbreviations to those that are absolutely necessary.
Système International (SI) units must be used, with the exception of blood pressure values which are to be reported in mmHg. Please use the metric system for the expression of length, area, mass, and volume. Temperatures are to be given in degrees Celsius.
Names of Drugs, Devices and Other Products
The generic term should be used, unless the specific trade name is directly relevant to the discussion.
Statistical analysis is essential for all research papers except case reports. Use correct nomenclature of statistical methods (e.g. two sample t test, not unpaired t test). All p values should be presented to the third decimal place for accuracy, unless they are less than 0.001. Descriptive statistics should follow the scales used in data description. Inferential statistics are important for interpreting results and should be described in detail.
General acknowledgments for consultations, statistical analysis, etc., should be listed concisely at the end of the text, including the names of the individuals who were directly involved. Consent should be obtained from those individuals before their names are listed in this section. All financial and material support for the research and work from internal or external agencies, including commercial companies, should be clearly and completely identified. Ensure that any conflicts of interest are explicitly declared.
In the Main Text, Tables, Figure Legends
In the References section
Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references and for correct text citation.
Examples are given below.
He W, Fang Z, Wang F, Wu K, Xu Y, Zhou H, et al. Galectin-9 significantly prolongs the survival of fully mismatched cardiac allografts in mice. Transplantation 2009; 88:782–90.
Journal article not in English but with English abstract
Kawai H, Ishikawa T, Moroi J, Hanyu N, Sawada M, Kobayashi N, et al. Elderly patient with cerebellar malignant astrocytoma. No Shinkei Geka 2008;36:799–805. [In Japanese, English abstract]
Bradley EL. Medical and Surgical Management.
Book chapter in book with editor and edition
Greaves M, Culligan DJ. Blood and bone marrow. In: Underwood JCE, ed. General and Systematic Pathology, 4th ed.
Pacak K, Aguilera G, Sabban E, Kvetnansky R. ed. Stress: Current Neuroendocrine and Genetic Approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmitters in Stress, June 28–July 3, 2003,
Ayers AJ. Retention of Resin Restorations by Means of Enamel Etching and by Pins. MSD thesis,
American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Wisdom Teeth.
Eastman Kodak Company, Eastman Organic Chemicals. Catalog No. 49.
ables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. They should have a concise table heading, be self-explanatory, and numbered consecutively in the order of their citation in the text. Information requiring explanatory footnotes should be denoted using superscript lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.), with the footnotes arranged alphabetically by the superscripts. Asterisks (*, **) are used only to indicate the probability level of tests of significance. Abbreviations used in the table must be defined and placed after the footnotes. If you include a block of data or table from another source, whether published or unpublished, you must acknowledge the original source.
he number of figures should be restricted to the minimum necessary to support the textual material. They should have an informative figure legend and be numbered in the order of their citation in the text. All symbols and abbreviations should be defined in the legend. Patient identification should be obscured. All lettering should be done professionally and should be in proportion to the drawing, graph or photograph. Photomicrographs must include an internal scale marker, the type of specimen, original magnification and stain.
Figures must be submitted as separate picture files (ex. TIF, JPG, etc.) at the correct resolution of a minimum of 600 dpi. The files should be named according to the figure number and format, e.g. “Fig1.tif”, “Fig2.jpg”.
The cost of color illustrations will be charged to the author.
As a general rule, the receipt of a manuscript will be acknowledged within 2 weeks of submission, and authors will be provided with a manuscript reference number for future correspondence. If such an acknowledgment is not received in a reasonable period of time, the author should contact the Editorial Office.
Manuscripts are reviewed by the Editorial Office to ensure that the submission contains all parts. The Editorial Office will not accept a submission if the author has not supplied all parts of the manuscript as outlined in this document.
Manuscripts are then forwarded to the Editor-in-Chief, who makes an initial assessment of it. If the manuscript does not appear to be of sufficient merit or is not appropriate for the Journal, then the manuscript will be rejected without review. Rejected manuscripts will not be returned to authors unless requested.
Manuscripts that appear meritorious and appropriate for the Journal are reviewed by at least two Editorial Board members or expert consultants assigned by the Editor-in-Chief. Authors will usually be notified within 10 weeks of whether the submitted article is accepted for publication, rejected, or subject to revision before acceptance. However, do note that delays are sometimes unavoidable.
Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the authors should submit the final version of their manuscript through Elsevier’s online submission system—EES.
Accepted manuscripts are copyedited according to the journal’s style and the galley proofs in the form of a PDF file are e-mailed by the Publisher to the corresponding author for final approval. Authors are responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.
The journal will bear the cost of publication for articles of 7 printed pages or less for Original Articles, and 5 printed pages or less for Case Reports and Short Communications. Authors will be charged for the cost of extra pages at US$150/ page. Authors will also be charged US$75/illustration, figure or table that is in color. For manuscripts that require extensive English editing, authors will be charged for the correction of English grammar at US$20/page.
Authors receive 20 stapled offprints of their articles free of charge, which will be sent by the Editorial Office to the corresponding author. Additional professional reprints (which include a cover page for the article) may be ordered at prices based on the cost of production. A reprint order form is provided by the Publisher, together with the galley proofs.
Published manuscripts become the permanent property of The Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection and may not be published elsewhere in any form without written permission.